The Training Tree: Rhythm
WAVERLY, WVEvery animal handler or hope-to-be trainer needs to establish a relationship that allows the animal to understand them and figure out what they are asking them to do. The best and most effective system must be based on trust. The obedience or compliance we are looking for flows from that trust. The basis for a horse trusting you is that everything you do is routine and usual. Theres never anything sudden or startling going on. And the way you start that feeling in the horse is by doing everything you do around him in a rhythmic way.
In my early training days, I was taught that the first thing a real trainer did was to gentle a horse. You proceeded to do that by tying the horse up somewhere and sacking him out until his skin stopped jumping when you whopped him with the sack or blanket or whatever and he stood there and accepted it. The problem with a system like that is it doesnt teach the horse what to do. Instead of being positive, its negative. It teaches the horse what not to do. If he keeps flying around at the end of the rope, hes going to get hit again. If he stands still, the sack will go away.
If you grab the handle of a hot pan, it doesnt take you long to realize your mistake. Your body reacts to the stimulus and you let go of the pan. You learned not to pick up a hot pan but since you didnt really have time to process all your options, your learning isnt very complete. Just like the horse getting gentled, you got a negative education. You learned what not to do, what to be afraid to do. If you had had the time to process the situation, you might have gotten a more positive education and learned the way to pick up a hot pan so you wouldnt get burned.
Rhythm is at the bottom of the training tree because thats how you get it all started. If the horse is not worried, not wary of sudden things or unsure of what is going to happen next, then you are starting to create a relationship built on trust. From the minute you come in contact visually in the pasture or by his hearing your footfalls or your voice as you come down the barn aisle, you want to be doing everything rhythmically. Steady footfalls, steady movements open a gate or door, everything steady and even to convey a feeling to the horse that everything is going to be consistent and predictable.
You can start to judge whether youve got rhythm by paying attention to breathing, both yours and the horses. Paying attention to your own breathing can help you stay rhythmic. If you hold your breath, youve lost it. Paying attention to the horses breathing will tell you if something youve done has startled the horse because anything unrhythmic will interrupt the horses breathing. If the horse startles and catches him breath but you can keep from catching your own breath, you will keep the rhythm going despite the circumstances. Gradually the horse will figure out that if something startles him, youre a good spot to come back to because everything around you stays rhythmic and predictable. Youre a safe place.
A lot of people can stay rhythmical while their catching their horse and grooming their horse but as soon as they go into training mode, they starting using sudden moves to gain control. To train a horse, you have to interact with him, not interrupt him.
For example, a lot of people think the best way to stop a baby male horse from biting while youre working with him is to just keep pushing his nose away anytime he tries to take a nip. But that interrupts whatever else youre trying to do with him at the time and pulls you into his game.
Instead, you just put a flash or a drop noseband on him and stabilize his jaw so he can nibble with his lips but he cant bite. Now you just go about your business and when he swings around and nibbles, you just ignore him. You dont react, you dont break your rhythm, and pretty soon the game gets boring and he quits. Whoever controls the rhythm controls the movement.
A lot of beginners can be rhythmical on the ground but once theyre in the saddle, they tend to hold their breath and react when they get frightened. If you hold your breath, your body locks up. You need to become self-disciplined enough to maintain the rhythm under any circumstances. If a horse startles or spooks when youre riding him, the best thing you can do is to ride him calmly and quietly forward with as little interruption as possible.
When youre training a horse to be rhythmical, you listen to his footfalls. The order of his footfalls, regardless of which gait hes in, should be even. Horses lose their rhythm when their backs are tense or their riders use rein aids that are too strong or driving aids that are too strong. The walk should be a four-beat march, the trot has a two-beat rhythm. The canter has three beats.
In the beginning,
a trainer just rides whatever rhythm the green horse offers but as the
horse progresses, the riders seat sets the rhythm he or she wants
the horse to move in.
The games we eventually
want to play with our horses all involve some test of rhythm. Dressage
is a game of maintaining rhythm with varying degrees of strength and stride
length. Reining involves riding a lot of circles with varying rhythm.
Whatever your goal, rhythm is always going to be at the foundation of
the training you need.
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Updated: October 2005.